Large-scale construction does require some special techniques. One such technique is the jacking method. In Indonesia, major developments often occur, such as the construction of toll roads. In principle, this method involves driving the pipe underground by drilling, then pushing the pipe using hydraulic pressure. For a complete explanation, please refer to the following discussion.
What is the Pipe Jacking Method
Pipe jacking is no stranger to construction, especially in Indonesia because it has been used frequently. One of the purposes of using pipe jacking is to allow sewage to flow through the concrete pipes under the road. Thus, the potential for environmental pollution by this waste can be minimized and can prevent flooding.
Read : Pengertian, Fungsi, Kelebihan, dan Kekurangan Microtunneling
Therefore, this method is often used in urban areas because the water catchment area is quite minimal, especially to collect rainwater. Lack of green land is one of the factors that floods often occur. From these problems, the use of underground pipes is considered quite effective. What’s more, the pipe installation process also does not require open excavation so it is safe in traffic.
Main Factors of Pipe Jacking Method
1. Total population
The population is one of the most important factors to consider before starting pipe jacking. This is because the more people there are, the greater the supply of waste will be generated so that it can be taken into consideration before installing pipes.
2. Regional conditions
Considering that Indonesia has various characters from a geological perspective, this must also be considered. It is possible that in that place the soil conditions are less stable so if a pipe is installed it will be quite vulnerable. In addition, before drilling, it must also go through a licensing process first.
3. Conditions of environmental sanitation
In general, sanitation in urban areas is less than in rural areas. This sanitary condition will have a significant influence on how the pipes are installed so as to minimize various health and environmental risks.
The final consideration is climate. Although this method does not require open excavation, it does have some effect in some weather conditions. For example, when the rainy season arrives, it often rains heavily accompanied by wind, making it impossible to drill in order to avoid unwanted things.
Advantages of the Jacking Method
There are quite a number of advantages of using pipe jacking compared to other methods. These advantages include minimizing extreme environmental disturbances, safer installation, reducing business activities, especially in densely populated areas, comfortable living, no open excavations, and many more. Because of these considerations various developed countries have often used it in development.
That was a little discussion about the pipe jacking method in terms of construction. However, one thing to note is when you want to use this method, make sure to choose a trusted service such as Tohoma Mandiri. Having been established since 2005 is proof that this service has indeed proven its quality. For more information, you can visit www.tohoma.co.id.
For those of you who are already involved in the construction world, you must be familiar with this term. Microtunneling is often applied when you want to build tunnels or the like using a drilling machine. At this time it will be discussed in full regarding the meaning, function, way of working, advantages, and disadvantages of the process. So, please refer to the following explanation.
The Definition of Microtunneling
Micro tunneling is the process of building a small tunnel using a drilling machine. Usually, this process will be combined using a pipe jacking technique to install pipes underground. In first, 1979 the Tunnel Drilling Machine (MBT) was first developed by Japan. Then, in the next few years, the machine gets developed from Germany.
In principle, micro tunneling will be controlled with a remote control with the help of earth pressure and a computer. This process was first used to replace open drains in urban areas using gravity pipes underground. The micro tunneling method is one of the solutions to do this, so it continues to be used today.
Although at first it was only used for water pipe construction, now it is really experiencing development. Call it subway crossings, runways, rivers, freeways, and much more. In fact, some people consider micro tunneling to be the most accurate method when it comes to installing pipes.
Functions and How It Works
In general, the function of the micro tunneling method is to build small tunnels. The making of this tunnel uses a drilling machine or often called a Microtunnel Boring Machine and a combination of pipe jacking techniques to install pipes into the ground. It is intended that all processes can be installed in just one driving.
When compared to doing open excavation, of course, this method is considered safer. Open excavation is indeed very prone to risks, especially when it is related to weather conditions or soil structure. Until now, micro tunneling has been used in the installation of various pipe sizes, ranging from 20 cm to 3 meters. Therefore, the construction of waterways in flood-prone areas also often uses this technique.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Microtunneling
This system has the advantage of being very effective and efficient. This is because the operation does not require workers in the field, but only uses the remote control. However, the accuracy of this method is also very good, so it is very suitable for installing pipes far from the surface of the water.
On the other side, there are also disadvantages. The drilling process requires accurate and very detailed geological data. If something goes wrong in these details, the results can be disastrous in development.
So a little explanation about micro tunneling. One thing that must be underlined here is that this process requires very high precision, so if you are looking for these services, you really have to come from a trusted and quality company, one example of which is Tohoma Mandiri. You can see further information on the website www.tohoma.co.id.